Importance of World Health Day

"Health is wealth" says the adage. Or, as the Romans put it, we should strive for a "healthy mind in a healthy body". The World Health Day is a global "health awareness" day, celebrated every year on 7th April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO). In 1948, WHO held the first World Health Assembly. And from 1950 onwards, they held World Health Day to mark WHO's founding; seen as an opportunity to draw worldwide attention to the importance of global health. Not only does good health lead to a happy, active and productive life. But the eradication of diseases and vector-borne diseases will save millions of precious lives, including those of helpless infants and children.

Pregnant mothers, seniors and those with compromised immune systems. All benefit from increased awareness about mental/physical health and interventions to prevent diseases. Each year the WHO organizes international, regional, or local events related to a particular theme. Furthermore, themes have ranged from "Global Polio Eradication" in 1995, to "Anti-Microbial Resistance" to "Ageing and Health". Also Governments, NGOs and others like Global Health Council now acknowledge World Health Day. World Health Day is one of the eight official global health campaigns, such as World Tuberculosis Day.

Themes of World Health Day

2006: "Working Together For Health". Dedicated to the health workforce crisis or chronic shortages of health workers, worldwide. Due to decades of underinvestment in education, training, salaries and working environments. It also celebrated individual health workers and led to the launch of WHO's World Health Report 2006.

2007: "Invest in Health; Build a Safer Future", had these messages: threat to health knows no boundaries; Invest in health as it leads to security; insecurity leads to poor health; Also WHO strived to make the world more healthy and secure.

2008: It was "Protecting Health from Climate Change". And in 2009 the focus was on: "Hospital in Hartford" (investing in health infrastructure).

2010: "Urbanization and Health" focused on 1000 cities, 1000 lives' of urban health champions.

2011: The focus on dangerous, highly-resistant microorganisms was titled, "Antimicrobial Resistance and Its Global Spread". In addition, they introduced six-point policy package to combat this menace.

2012: Slogan "Good Health Adds Life to Years" marked the focus on Ageing and Health. Life expectancy is up in most countries, while birth-rates are falling. Rapidly ageing populations need health care, prevention of disease and life-enhancement: a "Yogathon" was part of this initiative.

2013: WHO focused on raising awareness of the causes and consequences of high blood pressure. Furthermore, they encouraged healthy behavior to mitigate HBP.

2014: "Small Bite, Big Threat", put the spotlight on mosquitoes, sandflies, bugs, ticks, leeches, and snails. They transmit a wide range of pathogens causing serious diseases. Mosquitoes transmit malaria a deadly vector-borne disease that kills over 6.5 lakhs annually. More than half of the world's population is at risk from dengue, chikungunya, malaria, yellow fever and encephalitis.

2015: WHO promoted "Food Safety" (from food containing harmful bacteria, parasites, viruses or chemicals).

2016: WHO concentrated on diabetes: a largely preventable and treatable, non-communicable disease that is on the rise.

2017: Recognizing that mental and physical health are equally important. WHO focused on "Depression: Let's Talk". It impacts daily life and activities; at worst it leads to suicide. You can prevent and also treat depression. If the stigma is reduced, more people will seek help. We all need to help in the WHO's laudable efforts at helping people lead better, healthier and happier lives. no matter their age or situation.

In order to enjoy good health:

In conclusion, one should have a healthy diet, good exercise, adequate sleep and avoid exposure to various diseases. The mosquito is the world's deadliest creature, responsible for millions of deaths and the trauma of diseases. Female AedesAegypti mosquitoes cause zika, dengue, chikungunya, and encephalitis. The female Anopheles mosquito is a vector for malaria. Malaria deaths number about 1 million a year, worldwide. Hence, eliminating the water sources where they breed and using mosquito repellents: coils, sprays, lotions, screens, mosquito nets, citronella or tulsi plants, can help to cut down the risk. In the case of an outbreak of diseases, or in mosquito-endemic areas a professional, safe, pest control service can eliminate the pests and even ensure that their breeding areas and hiding-spaces are neutralized and sanitized to completely prevent the virulent pests.