Out on a vacation or for a weekend trip with friends or at home, you are, at some point in a time bound to wake up with those itchy red marks left behind by mosquito bites which may result in many mosquito-borne diseases.
Mosquitoes are present in large number and it goes without saying that almost everybody is somewhere battling to win their #WarAgainstDengue. Diseases caused by mosquitoes infect millions of people throughout the nation every year causing fatal diseases and even death. Isn’t that a devastating effect that these deadly creatures cause? Indeed it is!
Furthermore, the sad part is that the Mosquito bites affect children very easily as they are prone to diseases. Here is an eye-opener to the deadliest mosquito-borne diseases, their causes, and prevention. Prevention is always better than cure!
In addition to providing us with itchiest bites, diseases transmitted by mosquitoes are deadliest.
5 Common Mosquito-Borne Diseases
Malaria is one of the deadliest mosquito-borne disease affecting humans, mainly the young. It is transmitted through mosquito bites and is caused by parasitic protozoans.
- High Temperature
- Muscle Pain
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection. It has a tiring effect on a human body. Symptoms of dengue emerge four to six days after the infection.
- A severe Headache
- High Fever
- Skin Rash
- Pain behind the eyes
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector for the spread of chikungunya. Older persons, people with chronic illnesses like diabetes or high blood pressure, small children, and pregnant women who might pass the virus to their unborn children are at higher risk.
- Muscle pain
- Severe joint pain
4. Yellow Fever
Mosquitoes cause this disease too among the commonly heard mosquito diseases. Yellow because of the jaundice effect some patients inhabit.
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle pain
- A headache
- Back Pain
Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects.
- Joint pain
- Conjunctivitis (red eyes)
- Muscle pain
Followed by these, few of the deadliest mosquito-borne diseases are Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile, and La Crosse Encephalitis. These mosquito-borne diseases caused by mosquitoes have a very harmful effect on the human body that leads to serious illness.
How are diseases transmitted by mosquitoes?
Mosquitoes themselves do not get affected by the disease. They support the growth of the microorganisms and in turn transmit them to humans through a mosquito bite.
When a virus or bacteria enters a mosquito, it goes through a lot of changes leading to its maturation and development within the mosquito. Once this virus reaches the infective stage, the mosquitoes get rid of these microorganisms through their saliva. And when this infected mosquito bites a human, it injects the microorganism into the human through its saliva. So, always avoid mosquito bites and mosquito-borne diseases!
What happens after diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes?
The microorganism that enters a human body undergoes a series of changes. It gradually keeps developing inside the body infecting various cells, causing a continuous immune reaction, and in the end leading to the disease.
- Mild to high-grade fever
- Joint pain
- A headache
- Increased perspiration
- A dry cough
- Reactions such as itchiness and superficial pa-pules also occur
Treatment for Mosquito-Borne Diseases
The treatment for mosquito-borne diseases aims at killing the infecting parasite, virus or bacteria. Anti-malarial drugs, fluid and electrolyte balance and antipyretics are all used in the treatment of such diseases transmitted by mosquitoes.
Preventing Mosquito Bites
While we are now aware of the chaos that these mosquitoes can cause, here are the preventive measures you can take to keep mosquitoes at bay and make your home safe today:
- Mosquito breeding occurs in stagnant water, stop it! Regularly replace the water in containers, buckets, pots, coolers and other such objects at home.
- Use of mosquito repellents (coils, mats etc.) or nets can prevent mosquito bites.
- Mosquito killing is yet another method that can be used as a preventive measure against diseases transmitted by mosquitoes.
- Mosquito-borne diseases awareness is one of the measures that can be taken to reduce the spread of mosquito-borne illnesses:
- Create awareness through health education
- Avoid physical contact with infected people
- Keep your surroundings clean and take up effective hygiene measures
- Promote vaccination for diseases transmitted by mosquitoes
Get a mosquito control done in your home every couple of months. Be sure that your home is free from mosquito eggs and diseases caused by mosquitoes. Make your home and loved ones safe this monsoon with the right pest control service today. After all, the right prevention leads to the best cure!
If you wish to take any further advice or a quick visit by our expert technician, call us at 8828333888!
Let’s get together and stop the deadly killer and win our #WarAgainstDengue, TODAY!