Bed bugs are a significant problem in India and around the world. Bedbugs hitch-hike into your home, un-noticed and unsuspected, in your bags, clothes, luggage, and cartons.
They breed and spread rapidly and bed-bugs are not easy to detect. Detecting and identifying bedbugs is the key to bedbug removal. Hence you should read the signs and symptoms of bed bugs.
How to identify Bedbugs
Adult Bedbugs are 5mm long, light brown, of flattened oval shape and they only feed on the blood of humans and mammals. They become rounder and darker brown (almost black) after feeding. They come out at night, attracted by the warmth of our blood and the carbon dioxide from our breath. Finding bedbugs is easier when you know where they hide. Bedbugs are usually found in bedrooms and they hide in cracks and crevices during the daytime, coming out to bite at night: so if you switch on the light suddenly at night you could be spotting bedbugs on the linen.
How do you know if you have bed-bugs?
Examine the seams of mattresses, and crevices in the bed-frame, in headboards, sheets or pillows. Early signs of bedbugs or signs of having bedbugs on sheets or mattresses are little red or dried blood spots on the bed sheets, that are left behind after a blood-meal (bedbug bites). Dark staining of mattresses from bedbug’s excreta and an unpleasant smell are signs that an expert will look for. If you spot bedbugs’ around at night or signs of bedbugs like little red spots or dried blood spots on the mattress or sheets, it is wise to call an expert as bedbugs are extremely difficult to eradicate.
Signs and Symptoms of bed bugs bites
Bedbug bites are unlikely to wake the victim, though they result in irritability and disturbed sleep. They bite close to blood-vessels; they bite many times around the same area and if in many parts of the body, it indicates bedbugs infestation. Bed bug bites occur most commonly on exposed skin, such as the upper body, neck, arms, and shoulders. Sometimes individuals who are bitten by bed bugs develop itching, red welts or swelling the day after being bitten. Bites tend to appear in a row or line. Bedbugs do not transmit pathogens, but some people develop a skin rash or allergy.
Bedbugs: Treatments and prevention
You should look for symptoms of bed bugs. Itchy rashes can be treated with soothing lotions and calamine available at the chemist. Consult a doctor if the problems are severe.
Since prevention is easier than cure, we advise you to carefully inspect clothing and luggage after travel. If you suspect bedbugs, deep cleaning and insecticides provide a solution but temporary. Expert pest control is advised for total eradication of bedbugs. Itching, rashes, and welts can be treated with soothing lotions and calamine, available at the chemist. Small children or people with severe allergic reactions may need a doctor.
If you are looking for help to remove bed bugs from your home, you can try Hicare’s bed bug treatment service