food poisoning

Food Poisoning – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Food Poisoning and its Causes

Foodborne illness, commonly called food poisoning, is the result of eating contaminated, spoiled or toxic food. The most common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. You can also trace most food poisoning to one of the following three major causes:

  1. Bacterial food poisoning
  2. Parasitical food poisoning
  3. Virus-borne food poisoning

The four common food poisoning microorganisms are E.Coli, Salmonella, and Listeria. Campylobacter and C. Botulinum (causing botulism) the lesser known but lethal bacteria. Toxoplasma, found in cat litter boxes is the most common parasite. Pests such as rodents, cockroaches, and even flies carry all of these bacteria. Furthermore, parasites can live undetected in your digestive tract for years. People with weakened immune systems and pregnant women are most at risk of being affected by food poisoning. Viruses are yet another reason for food poisoning causes. 

Food poisoning causes. How to prevent this?

Almost all the things humans eat has pathogens that can potentially cause food poisoning. Cooking and high heat kills these pathogens. Contamination is in meat, eggs, dairy products, and all raw foods or salads, as well as water.

Pathogens can be introduced into food from people who handle the food without thoroughly washing their hands. Hence, in turn, this leads to contamination. Therefore, wash your hands before cooking and after handling raw meat or fish.

Clean and wash all vessels that had contact with raw meat, fish or eggs. Sushi, raw fish delicacies, unwashed fruits and vegetables; as well as unpasteurized milk, cheese or juice may harbor pathogens. So, cook meat, poultry, and eggs properly at high temperatures as the high temperatures kill pathogens.

Food contamination and disease caused by cockroaches

Most of all, cockroaches cause food contamination with their waste and saliva. This contains bacteria that can cause food poisoning. So if your children at your home are suffering from its symptoms very often it could actually be due to diseases caused by cockroaches and food contamination by them.

To avoid it, one must keep containers covered and handle food with cleanliness. Also Keep kitchen surfaces, refrigerators, and mixer-grinders clean. Furthermore sterile them with hot water, antiseptic or detergent solutions or soap.

Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly: a mild solution of potassium permanganate in water helps. Do not use outdated foodstuffs, cans or tetra packs that are bulging or dented.

Do not eat foods that smell funny or “off”. Contaminated water is dangerous. Also drink treated, purified, boiled or chlorinated water.

Food poisoning symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risk factors

Symptoms of food poisoning vary from person to person and symptoms appear from one hour to four weeks after infection. Food poisoning symptoms include at least three of these:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Diarrhea; vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Mild fever

One should contact one’s doctor immediately for food poisoning treatment if the above symptoms and diarrhea persist for more than 3 days. Also if high fever occurs, symptoms of dehydration or bloody urine appear, difficulty seeing or speaking.

There are some deadly and life-threatening symptoms of food contamination and food poisoning. During pregnancy, it should be taken seriously and at the onset of the first poisoning symptoms and signs, you must consult your doctor.

Food poisoning treatment your doctor will first diagnose the type of it and then advise blood, stool or urine tests as well as a proper course of treatment. The elderly, the immune-compromised, small children and pregnant women are considered most at risk.

Diet and home remedies for food poisoning treatment

It can usually be treated at home: most cases resolve in three to five days. Electrolyte drinks, coconut water, cream crackers, gelatin, rice, oatmeal, boiled potatoes, and vegetables are effective. Also, toast, ginger-ale, and sports drinks are good. Over-the-counter medications from your local chemist or doctor should control diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Take plenty of rest and re-hydration. Avoid dairy products, fatty or highly-spicy foods, fried and sugary foods. Do not over-exert yourself. Avoid caffeine and alcohol.

Home remedies for food poisoning treatment

At some time or the other, most of us have suffered a bout of food poisoning: caused by bacteria, viruses, chemicals or other toxins.

  1. We may experience nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. The body is likely to lose much water. Severe dehydration is dangerous, so one must drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. Oral re-hydration powders and tablets are useful
  2. Simple ingredients available will alleviate symptoms: ginger, fenugreek (methi seeds), yogurt (dahi), fresh lime (nimbu), garlic, Holy Basil (Tulsi), and mint leaves (pudina), cumin (jeera), herbal tea and honey
  3. Ginger tea is made with grated ginger or ginger juice, boiled in a cup of water, with a touch of honey added
  4. Two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in hot water have an alkaline effect and kill bacteria, thus alleviating the symptoms
  5. Yogurt is antibacterial and antimicrobial. Fenugreek seeds (methi) with yogurt, gives relief from stomach pain and vomiting
  6. Lemons (nimbu) are anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-bacterial fruits: the acid helps kill the bacteria that cause poisoning of food so drink lime juice
  7. Basil juice with honey or sea-salt; or basil leaves in plain yogurt 3-4 times a day is useful
  8. A fresh garlic clove eaten, swallowed with water, is anti-viral, antibacterial and anti-fungal. It relieves diarrhea

So if you see cockroaches roaming in your home, especially in the kitchen, then approach a cockroach control expert immediately to stop food poisoning contamination. At HiCare Pest Control, we have excellent services to suit your commercial or residential needs. This will make sure no pest will be able to spread food poisoning to you and your family again.

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