Rat and Mouse might appear similar, but they belong to two totally different species. Even though they have descended from a common ancestor, the difference between rat and mouse has been humongous. Both the species show a varied type of dissimilarities in their physical, behavioral, and reproductive as well as their habitual aspects. To devoid your house of any rodent attack, it is important to know the difference between rat and mouse because most of the times the techniques used to control the mice are not necessarily effective on the rats. The three subspecies of rodents that are commonly known to create trouble for humans are house mouse, roof rats, and brown rats.
- The Mouse is comparatively smaller than a rat. The mouse, in length, grows only up to 3 to 4 inches while rats are known to be 9 – 10 inches long. An adult mouse weighs 15 grams while an adult Rat could be as big as 3 kg.
- The mouse is light brownish in colour as compared to the dark brown colored Rat.
- One of the easily distinguishable features is that the nose of the mouse is more pointy and triangular while a rat’s characteristics are its slightly blunted nose.
- The mice droppings are cylindrical in shape while the rat droppings are granularly shaped.
Habitat and Breeding:
- Mice usually prefer grains and plants while rats will eat almost anything. It has been noted that rat sometimes eats the young ones of other rats and mice. Rats, in order to reach to their food source, will chew onto plastic, fabric or even wires on the way. The rats have a strong thirst for water and mostly tend to nest near water sources.
- A female mouse produces up to 10 litters of about 6 offspring. That can go up to 60 young ones in a year. A mouse can begin reproducing in a couple of months’ time from their birth. A rat, on the other hand, has up to 6 litters of 12 young ones in a year tallying up to more than 70. The rats reach their breading maturity in 3 months’ time.
- Mice live for about a year to 15 months. The lifespan of a rat is as much as that of a mouse with some rare ones living for up to 18 months.
- Both Rat and Mouse are nocturnal creatures and in most cases try to avoid bright lights. Although they have a poor sense of vision, they have far advanced and developed sense of smell and taste.
- Mice are known to be quite curious in nature as compared to the rats and will always fall prey to traps and repellants. The Rats, on the other hand, are known to be particularly cautious about any type of changes in their pathway and will almost in all cases avoid traps.
- Both the vermin make a squeaky noise, especially in the dark. If creatures happen to nest in your lofts or basement, you will more often than not, hear annoying screeching noise.
In case, you suspect a rodent infestation in your home, call Hicare immediately. Technicians at Hicare know thoroughly the difference between rat and mouse which helps in proper eradication of the respective rodent. They have prior experience in handling rat and mouse and being well versed in mouse and rat facts. The experts make sure that they terminate rodents from their source and their hiding spots. The Central Insecticide Board of India approves the used chemicals. It is absolutely safe to use in a typical household. Call 3988 9988 immediately to know more about Rodent Control Management Service.